论文信息: Direct evidence demonstrates that Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici infects susceptible barberry to complete sexual cycle in autumn. Zhimin Du, Yuelin Peng, Gensheng Zhang, Li Chen, Shuchang Jiang, Zhensheng Kang*, and Jie Zhao*. Plant Disease, 2022, doi:https://apsjournals.apsnet.org/doi/10.1094/PDIS-08-22-1750-RE.
论文摘要：Wheat stripe rust is an air-borne and destructive disease caused by a heteroecious rust fungus Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst). Studies have demonstrated that the rust pathogen accomplishes sexual reproduction on susceptible barberry under natural conditions in spring, whereas Pst infection on barberry is still in blank in other seasons. In late October 2016, aecial production on barberry shrubs were observed in Linzhi, Tibet, China. Therefore, experimental tests were conducted for verifying the existence of sexual cycle of Pst in this season. By inoculating 52 aecial clusters from 30 rusted barberry leaves, four Pst samples, T1-T4, were successfully recovered from the rusted barberry shrubs. Sixty-five single uredinium (SU) isolates were derived from the 4 Pst samples. Based on virulence tests on the Chinese differential hosts, T1-T4 samples were unknown races and showed mixed reactions on some differentials. Twenty-one known races and 44 unknown races belonging to five race groups were identified among the 65 SU isolates. Meanwhile, the 65 SU isolates produced 26 various virulence patterns (VPs), viz. VP1-VP26, on 25 single Yr gene lines, and fifteen multilocus genotypes (MLGS) at nine simple sequences repeat marker loci. Clustering analysis showed similar lineage among subpopulations and different lineage between subpopulations. Linkage disequilibrium analysis indicated that the SU population was produced sexually. This study first reported that Pst infects susceptible barberry to complete sexual reproduction in autumn. The results update the knowledge of disease cycle and management of wheat stripe rust, and contribute to understand rust genetic diversity in Tibet.